There are many shapes, forms, and directions that a decision-making process can take, however all decision making frameworks fall into one of two categories:
- Normative decisions - Objectives, alternatives, and outcomes assume information is completely available, time and resources are infinite, and people are completely rational.
- Descriptive decisions - Describe how decisions are actually made. Assumes, rightfully so, that human beings function rationally within a set of limitations. This concept is known as "bounded rationality" (Simon, 1955). Click here for a summary of the following descriptive decision frameworks.
- Garbage Can model
- Recognition-Primed model
- Political model